Implementation of the Convention
There has been continued efforts in implementing the Convention towards increasing protection of biodiversity and related ecosystems, reducing loss of biodiversity through restoration of priority ecosystems and thus improving livelihoods of the population particularly the poor. Over the past 5 years, a number of sectoral policies and legislation have been reviewed aiming at, among others, accommodating environmental challenges and these include agriculture, mining, livestock, irrigation, water resources, wildlife, biotechnology and public health.
Participatory resource management is being promoted through which, more than 30,000 km2 of wildlife protected areas (or about 8% of the wildlife protected areas), 4.15 million ha of forest (or about 9% of the forest area) and 2,500 km2 of marine waters are being managed, and thus contributing in addressing both biodiversity conservation and livelihood needs.
Other initiatives include tree planting campaign whereby each District is required to plant and maintain at least 1.5 million trees per year; and promotion of alternative energy sources to help curb massive deforestation since more than 90% of national energy consumption constitute biomass energy (fuel wood and charcoal). Further, traditional forest management practices are being promoted which involve fallowing the land for a period of time and then utilizing later for grazing and firewood collection particularly during dry seasons.
Tanzania ratified the conversion on biological diversity in 1996. The Vice President’s Office, Division of Environment is the National Focal Point for the Convention.
The National CBD Focal Person
Mrs. Esther Makwaia, Assistant Director of Environment responsible for Biodiversity Conservation.
Vice President's Office
6 Albert Luthuli Street,
P.O Box 5380
Dar es salaam-Tanzania